Grove - RTC

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Introduction

The RTC module is based on the clock chip DS1307, which supports the I2C protocol. It utilizes a Lithium cell battery (CR1225). The clock/calendar provides seconds, minutes, hours, day, date, month, and year. The end of the month date is automatically adjusted for months with fewer than 31 days, including corrections for leap years. The clock operates in either the 24-hour or 12-hour format with AM/PM indicator. And it is valid up to 2100. In order to gain a robust performance, you must put a 3-Volt CR1225 lithium cell in the battery-holder. If you use the primary power only, the module may not work normally, because the crystal may not oscillate.

Previous Version: V0.9b Note: The battery is not included.


400px-RTC.jpg


Specification

PCB Size: 2.0cm*4.0cm Interface: 2.0mm pitch pin header IO Structure: SCL,SDA,VCC,GND ROHS: YES VCC:4.5~5.5V Logic High Level Input :2.2~VCC+0.3 V Logic Low Level Input :-0.3~+0.8 V Battery Voltage:2.0~3.5 V Demonstration

With Arduino The following sketch demonstrates a simple application of setting the time and reading it out. Connect the module to the I2C Interface of Grove- Base Shield. Plug Grove- Base Shield into Arduino. Connect Arduino to PC via a USB cable. Download the library File:RTC Library Unzip it into the libraries file of Arduino IDE by the path: ..\arduino-1.0\libraries. Open the code directly by the path:File -> Example ->RTC->SetTimeAndDisplay.

  1. include <Wire.h>
  2. include "DS1307.h"

DS1307 clock;//define a object of DS1307 class void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); clock.begin(); clock.fillByYMD(2013,1,19);//Jan 19,2013 clock.fillByHMS(15,28,30);//15:28 30" clock.fillDayOfWeek(SAT);//Saturday clock.setTime();//write time to the RTC chip } void loop() { printTime(); } /*Function: Display time on the serial monitor*/ void printTime() { clock.getTime(); Serial.print(clock.hour, DEC); Serial.print(":"); Serial.print(clock.minute, DEC); Serial.print(":"); Serial.print(clock.second, DEC); Serial.print(" "); Serial.print(clock.month, DEC); Serial.print("/"); Serial.print(clock.dayOfMonth, DEC); Serial.print("/"); Serial.print(clock.year+2000, DEC); Serial.print(" "); Serial.print(clock.dayOfMonth); Serial.print("*"); switch (clock.dayOfWeek)// Friendly printout the weekday { case MON: Serial.print("MON"); break; case TUE: Serial.print("TUE"); break; case WED: Serial.print("WED"); break; case THU: Serial.print("THU"); break; case FRI: Serial.print("FRI"); break; case SAT: Serial.print("SAT"); break; case SUN: Serial.print("SUN"); break; } Serial.println(" "); } Set the time. Put function arguments change to current date/time. The attention should be paid to the arguments format.

       clock.fillByYMD(2013,1,19);//Jan 19,2013

clock.fillByHMS(15,28,30);//15:28 30" clock.fillDayOfWeek(SAT);//Saturday Upload the code. Open the serial monitor to see the result.


RTC result.jpg


The output time is changing like the clock.

With Raspberry Pi 1.You should have got a raspberry pi and a grovepi or grovepi+.

2.You should have completed configuring the development enviroment, otherwise follow here.

3.Connection

Plug the sensor to grovepi socket i2c-x(1~3) by using a grove cable. 4.Navigate to the demos' directory:

  cd yourpath/GrovePi/Software/Python/

To see the code

  nano grove_i2c_rtc.py   # "Ctrl+x" to exit #

import time import grovepi

  1. Connect the Grove Real Time Clock to any I2C port eg. I2C-1
  2. Can be found at I2C address 0x68
  3. SCL,SDA,VCC,GND

while True:

   try:
       print grovepi.rtc_getTime()
       time.sleep(.5)
   except IOError:
       print "Error"

5.Run the demo.

  sudo python grove_i2c_rtc.py

6.Result


Grovepi i2c rtc 00.png


7.Use this demo to show the time in common

/*

* Grove-RTC.py
* Demo for Raspberry Pi 
*
* Copyright (c) 2014 www.simgin-chip.com technology inc.
* Website    : www.simgin-chip.com
* Author     : Lambor
* Create Time: Nov 2014
* Change Log :
*
* The MIT License (MIT)
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/

  1. !/usr/bin/python

import time import smbus


bus = smbus.SMBus(1) # 0 = /dev/i2c-0 (port I2C0), 1 = /dev/i2c-1 (port I2C1)

class DS1307(): def __init__(self): self.MON = 1 self.TUE = 2 self.WED = 3 self.THU = 4 self.FRI = 5 self.SAT = 6 self.SUN = 7 self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS = 0x68

print 'begin'

def decToBcd(self, val): return ( (val/10*16) + (val%10) )

def bcdToDec(self, val): return ( (val/16*10) + (val%16) )

def begin(self, news): print news

def startClock(self): bus.write_byte(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS, 0x00) self.second = bus.read_byte(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS) & 0x7f bus.write_byte_data(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS, 0x00, self.second)

print 'startClock..'

def stopClock(self): bus.write_byte(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS, 0x00) self.second = bus.read_byte(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS) | 0x80 bus.write_byte_data(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS, 0x00, self.second)

print 'stopClock..'

def setTime(self): data = [self.decToBcd(self.second), self.decToBcd(self.minute), \ self.decToBcd(self.hour), self.decToBcd(self.dayOfWeek), \ self.decToBcd(self.dayOfMonth), self.decToBcd(self.month), \ self.decToBcd(self.year)]

bus.write_byte(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS, 0x00) bus.write_i2c_block_data(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS,0x00,data)

print 'setTime..'

def getTime(self): bus.write_byte(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS, 0x00) data = bus.read_i2c_block_data(self.DS1307_I2C_ADDRESS,0x00) #A few of these need masks because certain bits are control bits self.second = self.bcdToDec(data[0] & 0x7f) self.minute = self.bcdToDec(data[1]) self.hour = self.bcdToDec(data[2] & 0x3f) #Need to change this if 12 hour am/pm self.dayOfWeek = self.bcdToDec(data[3]) self.dayOfMonth = self.bcdToDec(data[4]) self.month = self.bcdToDec(data[5]) self.year = self.bcdToDec(data[6])

print 'getTime..'

def fillByHMS(self, _hour, _minute, _second): self.hour = _hour self.minute = _minute self.second = _second

print 'fillByHMS..'

def fillByYMD(self, _year, _month, _day): self.year = _year - 2000 self.month = _month; self.dayOfMonth = _day

print 'fillByYMD..'

def fillDayOfWeek(self, _dow): self.dayOfWeek = _dow

print 'fillDayOfWeek..'

if __name__ == "__main__": clock = DS1307() clock.fillByYMD(2015,3,5) clock.fillByHMS(12,42,30) clock.fillDayOfWeek(clock.THU) clock.setTime() while True: clock.getTime() print clock.hour, ":", clock.minute, ":", \ clock.second, " ", clock.dayOfMonth, "/", \ clock.month, "/", clock.year," ", "weekday", \ ":", clock.dayOfWeek time.sleep(1) 8.Create grove_rtc.py and copy codes above.

9.Run the code

sudo python grove_rtc.py 10.Result

Grovepi i2c rtc 01.png


File:DS1307.pdf